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Mount Kilimanjaro FactFile

Mount Kilimanjaro FactFile

View of summit from Baranco camp
View of summit from Baranco camp

• Mount Kilimanjaro is a giant stratovolcano that began forming a million years ago when lava spilled from the Rift Valley zone.

• It has 3 volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira, only Kibo being dormant.

• It is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world at 5,895m above sea level and fourth highest of the Seven Summits.

• The meaning and origin of the name Kilimanjaro is unknown.

• The first ascent was by Hans Meyer (Germany), Yoanas Kinyala Lauwo (Tanzania), and Ludwig Purtscheller (Austria) on October 5, 1889.

• The inner crater was named after a Dr Richard Reusch who climbed Kilimanjaro 65 times – he helped establish the exact elevation of the crater.

• Kilimanjaro lies within the 756km2 Kilimanjaro National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is one of the few places on earth that encompasses every ecological life zone including tropical jungle, savannah, and desert to montane forests, subalpine plants, and the alpine zone above timberline.

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