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Medical

All travellers should visit either their personal physician or a travel health clinic 4-8 weeks before departure.

ZAMBIA

Yellow Fever

A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age to Zambia

  • To enter the Republic of South Africa,  any person travelling from or going to Zambia, requires a valid Yellow Fever Certificate.Certificates are valid for 10 years.
  • Due to a risk of neurological symptoms there are many cases where the vaccine should not be administered, and in such cases persons should be able to obtain a  letter of exemption for their Doctors. Yellow Fever Innoculation - Exemption List
  • Vaccines should only be administered in the absence of a fever, colds, influenza or any other minor complaint

Malaria

Malaria exists throughout the year in Zambia. General Type of Malaria caused by P. falciparum
Resistance: P. falciparum Resistant reported to chloroquine and sulfadoxine - pyrimethamine reported.
Recommended prophylaxis: Mefloquine, Malarone or Doxycycline

Cholera

Recent outbreaks

    •    January 2011 Sinazongwe district in Southern Province
    •    October 2010 from Monze District in the Southern province


Other

It is recommended that visitors take precautions against typhoid, bilharzia, hepatitis and cholera in particular.

AIDS/HIV is prevalent.

Diseases caused by unsanitary conditions are common throughout the country, and untreated water should be considered unsafe to drink.

Comprehensive medical insurance is essential and it is recommended that visitors carry personal medical supplies with them.

Hepatitis A

Recommended for all travelers

Typhoid

Recommended for all travelers

Polio

One-time booster recommended for any adult traveler who completed the childhood series but never had polio vaccine as an adult

Hepatitis B

Recommended for all travelers

Yellow fever

Recommended only for those who are traveling to the North West and Western Provinces and who are at risk for a large number of mosquito bites

Rabies

For travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, or at high risk for animal bites, or involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1956, if not previously given

Tetanus-diphtheria

Revaccination recommended every 10 years

Table Data Source.

However it is now required that any travelers to Zambia must have the Yellow fever vaccination.

ZIMBABWE

Yellow Fever

Please remember if you are flying to SA via Zambia you will need to have a yellow fever vaccination certificate.

Malaria

Area of Risk:
 All areas.


Resistance: P. falciparum - Resistance reported to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine reported.

Recommended prophylaxis: Mefloquine, Malarone or Doxycycline

It is recommended that visitors take precautions against typhoid, bilharzia, hepatitis and cholera in particular.

Other

AIDS/HIV is prevalent.

Diseases caused by unsanitary conditions are common throughout the country, and untreated water should be considered unsafe to drink.

Comprehensive medical insurance is essential and it is recommended that visitors carry personal medical supplies with them.

Hepatitis A

Recommended for all travelers

Typhoid

Recommended for all travelers

Yellow fever

Required for travelers arriving from a yellow-fever-infected area in Africa or the Americas

Hepatitis B

Recommended for all travelers

Rabies

For travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, or at high risk for animal bites, or involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1956, if not previously given

Tetanus-diphtheria

Revaccination recommended every 10 years

BOTSWANA

Malaria

Malaria exists throughout the year in Botswana. However, transmission occurs mainly from November to June. Prophylaxis is recommended for the districts of Central, Chobe, Ghanzi, Northeast, and Northwest. There is no risk (according to http://www.mdtravelhealth.com/destinations/africa/botswana.html) in the cities of Francistown and Gaborone.

General Type of Malaria caused by P. falciparum

Resistance: P. falciparum Resistant reported to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine reported.

Recommended prophylaxis: Mefloquine, Malarone or Doxycycline

Transmission occurs mainly from November to June.

Other

It is recommended that visitors take precautions against typhoid, bilharzia, hepatitis and cholera in particular.



AIDS/HIV is prevalent.



Diseases caused by unsanitary conditions are common throughout the country, and untreated water should be considered unsafe to drink.

Comprehensive medical insurance is essential and it is recommended that visitors carry personal medical supplies with them.

Hepatitis A

Recommended for all travelers

Typhoid

Recommended for all travelers

Yellow fever

Required for all travelers arriving from a yellow-fever-infected area in Africa or the Americas.

Hepatitis B

Recommended for all travelers

Rabies

For travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, or at high risk for animal bites, or involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1956, if not previously given

Tetanus-diphtheria

Revaccination recommended every 10 years

NAMIBIA

Malaria

www.mdtravelhealth.com recommends that prophylaxis are taken for the provinces of Kunene, Ohangwena, Okavango, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, and Otjozondjupa and in the Caprivi Strip.

General Type of Malaria caused by P. falciparum

Resistance: P. falciparum Resistance reported to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine reported.

Recommended prophylaxis: Mefloquine, Malarone or Doxycycline

Transmission occurs mainly from November to June.

Other

It is recommended that visitors take precautions against typhoid, bilharzia, hepatitis and cholera in particular.

AIDS/HIV is prevalent.



Diseases caused by unsanitary conditions are common throughout the country, and untreated water should be considered unsafe to drink.

Comprehensive medical insurance is essential and it is recommended that visitors carry personal medical supplies with them.

Hepatitis A

Recommended for all travelers

Typhoid

Recommended for all travelers

Yellow fever

Required for all travelers arriving from a yellow-fever-infected area in Africa or the Americas

Polio

One-time booster recommended for any adult traveler who completed the childhood series but never had polio vaccine as an adult

Hepatitis B

Recommended for all travelers

Rabies

For travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, or at high risk for animal bites, or involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1956, if not previously given

Tetanus-diphtheria

Revaccination recommended every 10 years

MOZAMBIQUE

Malaria

Prophylaxis is recommended for all travelers.

General Type of Malaria caused by P. falciparum - Resistance: P. falciparum - Resistance reported to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine reported.

Recommended prophylaxis: Mefloquine, Malarone or Doxycycline

Transmission occurs mainly from November to June.

Cholera

Recent Outbreaks in Jan 2011
·       Monapo district
·       northern Mozambican province of Nampula
·       Chimoio, capital of the central province of Manica
·       Northern province of Cabo Delgado.

Other

It is recommended that visitors take precautions against typhoid, bilharzia, hepatitis and cholera in particular.

AIDS/HIV is prevalent.

Diseases caused by unsanitary conditions are common throughout the country, and untreated water should be considered unsafe to drink.

Comprehensive medical insurance is essential and it is recommended that visitors carry personal medical supplies with them.

Hepatitis A

Recommended for all travelers

Typhoid

Recommended for all travelers

Yellow fever

Required for all travelers arriving from a yellow-fever-infected area in Africa or the Americas

Hepatitis B

Recommended for all travelers

Rabies

For travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, or at high risk for animal bites, or involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1956, if not previously given

Tetanus-diphtheria

Revaccination recommended every 10 years

 

 

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